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PRO Chemical & Dye :: PRODUCT INSTRUCTIONS/DIRECTIONS SHEETS

PRODUCT INSTRUCTIONS/DIRECTIONS SHEETS
 

Directions

If you have any questions regarding our directions, or if you need assistance feel free to contact our technical department at
(508) 676-3838
We are proud to offer our directions online.  Explore unlimited creative possibilities and technical challenges by clicking the highlighted title that interests you.  Each title is a single direction sheet.  We will post additional directions as they are available.  Should there be directions you require that are   not posted please contact us. 

Our directions offer English and metric measuring options and temperature guidelines.  You will have better control over the results if you choose the metric system.  However, it is most important that you use the measuring system that is the most comfortable for you. 

Please do not reproduce in any way the contents hereof , in whole or in part, without the written permission of PRO Chemical & Dye. 

Important!!!  We recommend that before using any of our products you visit our Studio Safety page.
 
  Adobe Acrobat Reader is needed to view and download our directions.
PRO MX Reactive Dyes   Designed to permanently dye cellulose fibers -- plant-based fibers like cotton, linen, ramie, hemp, viscose rayon, jute, paper, wood, basket reed, and even silk - at room temperature, 75° to 95° F (24° to 35° C). It also dyes protein fibers wool, silk -- using acid at a boil or with steam. This is the most reactive of all types of dyes and most versatile with excellent wash and light fastness properties. Colors range from delicate pastels to vibrant and are completely intermixable (111 colors offered in our catalog). Two ounces (58 gm) of dye will color 14 yards (13 meters) of cotton muslin to a medium shade in a solid shade dye bath or 12 T-shirts for tie dye PRO MX Reactive Dyes can be kept in solution (without fixative) for four to five days at room temperature
Basket Reed
Airbrush     
Leather
Starburst Patterns on Silk & Cotton
Monoprinting    
Paper Pulp                       
Suede Look
(Wool) Solid Shade/Immersion
            Hand Painting
            Black Garbage Bag Dyeing
Wood
12 Step Gradation Dyeing
Batik using Soy Wax
Snow Dyeing
Sabracron F Reactive Dye  Designed to permanently dye cellulose fibers -- plant-based fibers like cotton, linen, ramie, hemp, viscose rayon, jute, paper, wood, basket reed, and even silk -- using warm water, 105° to 120° F (41° to 49° C). It also dyes protein fibers -- wool and silk -- using acid at a boil or with steam. Slightly less reactive than PRO MX Reactive Dyes and very versatile with excellent wash and light fastness properties.  Colors range from delicate pastels to vibrant and are completely intermixable.  Two ounces (58 gm) of dye will color 14 yards (13 meters) of cotton muslin to a medium in a solid shade dye bath or 12 T-Shirts for tie dye.  Sabracron F Reactive Dyes can be kept in solution (without fixative) for two weeks at room temperature
Solid Shade/Immersion Dyeing            
Two Color Gradation Dyeing           
Home Washing Machine
Low Water Immersion          
Tie Dye
Folding directions
Direct Application        
Direct Application on Wool                                                                                                             
PRO H Reactive Dyes Designed to permanently dye cellulose fibers -- plant-based fibers like cotton, linen, ramie, hemp and viscose rayon.  It also dyes protein fibers -- wool and silk using acid at a boil or with steam.  They are available in powder (17 colors) and boost excellent wash and light fastness properties.  This dye is the first choice of commercial printers and is excellent for hand painting on silk, linen or cotton.  An ideal alternative to French dyes for Traditional Silk Painting because it needs less steam time and is concentrated.  Heat set hand painted or printed fabric by steaming or in a clothes dryer, or at room temperature with PRO Fix LHF.  Immersion dyeing needs 175° F (79° C) temperatures.  Colors are very concentrated and are completely intermixable.   Store PRO H Reactive Dyes with Dye Activator fixative for one month or with baking soda fixative for two months at room temperature. 
 
Liquid Reactive Dyes Designed to permanently dye cellulose fibers -- plant-based fibers like cotton, linen, ramie, hemp and viscose rayon.  It also dyes protein fibers -- wool and silk using acid at a boil or with steam. They are currently available in (7 colors) and boost excellent wash and light fastness properties. This dye is the first choice of commercial printers and is excellent for hand painting on silk, linen or cotton.  An ideal alternative to French dyes for Traditional Silk Painting because it needs less steam time and is concentrated.  Heat set hand painted or printed fabric by steaming or at room temperature with PRO Fix LHF. Immersion dyeing needs 140° F (60° C) temperatures. Colors are very concentrated and are completely intermixable. Store Liquid Reactive Dyes with Dye Activator fixative for 3 weeks or with sodium acetate for two months at room temperature.
Solid Shade/Immersion Dyeing       
Painting & Printing/Direct Application         
Solid Shade/Immersion on Wool
One Shot Dyes Convenient professional dye for protein fibers -- animal fibers like wool, angora, silk, nylon, mohair and alpaca.   Complete in one jar.  Nothing to measure, just add water and boil.  One jar dyes 2 pounds (900 gm) of yarn or fabric.  There are 33 intermixable colors.  
 
 
Color It! Designed to permanently dye protein fibers --animal fibers like wool, silk, angora, mohair, alpaca, as well as nylon.
Kiton Acid Dyes Designed to permanently dye protein fibers - animal fibers like wool, silk, angora, mohair, alpaca, and nylon. They produce good light fastness, excellent dry clean fastness and fair wash fastness. The best colors to mix with are Sun Yellow CK117, Basic Red CK301, and Bright Blue CK440. Kiton Acid Dyesare traditionally fixed with Citric Acid Crystals. Two ounces (58 grams) of dye powder will color 12 pounds (5.5 kilogram) of wool to a medium shade in a solid shade dye bath.

Solid Shade Immersion
Rainbow Dyeing
PRO WashFast Acid Dyes Designed to permanently dye protein fibers -- animal fibers like wool, silk, angora, mohair, alpaca and nylon.   These brilliant shades are carefully selected from available super milling and premetalized colors.  They have excellent wash and light fastness properties.   All colors intermix well and dye with a minimum of salt and acid.   Substitute Ammonium Sulfate (for pastel to medium shades) or Citric Acid Crystals (for pastel to dark shades) for Acidic Acid 56% and obtain level dyeing results without the offensive odor.  Apply at a boil for solid shade dyeing and steam set when printing, and painting or rainbow dyeing.  Two ounces (58 gm) of dye powder will color 12 pounds (5.5 kilograms) of wool to a medium shade in a solid shade dye bath.  
Solid Shade/Immersion Dyeing on Wool    NOT FOR FEATHERS  
Rainbow Dyeing    USE THIS FOR FEATHERS                                   
Carpets
Painting & Printing/Direct Application on wool       
  Solid Shade/Immersion on Nylon                                                                          
Coloring Eggs
Painting & Printing Nylon                    
Wood & Natural Materials

6 Step Gradation
Sabraset/Lanaset Dyes   Designed to permanently dye protein fibers -- animal fibers like wool ,silk, angora, mohair, alpaca and nylon.  They are a unique range of dyes made up of 1:2 metal complex and reactive dyes.  They boast extremely high wash fastness and good to excellent light fastness.  With their similar dyeing properties, they offer limitless color combinations.  Apply at a boil for solid shade dyeing steam set when printing, hand painting or rainbow dyeing.  Two ounces (58 gm) of dye powder will color 12 pounds (5.5 kilograms) of wool to a medium shade in a solid shade dye bath.  
Rainbow Dyeing                         
Solid Shade/Immersion Dyeing
 
PRO Disperse Dyes  Designed to permanently dye synthetic fibers -- in particular polyester, acetate rayon, nylon, and acrylic.  Solid shade dyeing is done at a boil.  A swelling agent, PRO Dye Carrier NSC, is necessary for the dye to penetrate polyester fiber.  Acrylic fibers do not dye dark; expect to achieve a pastel depth of shade only.  Two ounces (58 gm) of dye powder will dye 25 lbs (11 kilograms) of polyester to a medium shade in a solid shade dye bath.  Available in 13 intermixable colors.  Note: many polyester and polyester-cotton fabrics have a permanent press finish.  This must be removed before successful dyeing is achieved. 
 
Transperse Transfer Printing Dyes  Your best choice for transfer printing on polyester and poly blends. Available in 9 intermixable colors.
 
Diazol Direct Dyes Designed to permanently dye cellulose fibers -- plant-based fibers like cotton, linen, ramie, hemp, viscose rayon, jute, paper, wood, basket reed and even silk.  They have good light fastness.  Wash fastness is poor but is improved with PRO Retayne.  Excellent choice for Shibori techniques, because it produces crisp pattern lines and solid shade dyeing above 140° F (60° C).  Two ounces (58 gm) of dye powder will color 75 yards (68 meters) of cotton muslin to a medium shade using a solid shade dye bath. 
Solid Shade/Immersion Dyeing               
Basket Reed                
Paper Pulp
Direct Application
 
Vat Dyes Vat Dyes are a unique class of dye, similar to indigo, which go through a process of reduction to get on the fiber and then oxidation to become fixed on the fiber. Vat dyes lend themselves beautifully to bound resist techniques, like shibori, because they discharge the ground color and deposit a new color all in one step. It's just like magic!
 
Colored Discharge
Immersion
Indigo Indigo is a vat dye that is one of the oldest classes of dyes known.  Until the late 19th century, indigo was obtained from plants, the most significant being Indigofera tinctoria.   Experience, patience and a sensitivity for subtle color changes are necessary for successful dyeing.  Obtain the darkest blues through a properly reduced vat and repeated dyeing to build color depth.  Indigo requires a reducing agent: Thiox, and an alkali: Lye.  When the fabric is removed from the yellow-green dye vat and begins to oxidize , the subtle changes from yellow-green through blue are captivating.   Natural and synthesized indigo are chemically identical.  We offer the more reliable version that is more concentrated than natural indigo, dyes uniformly, and is in a bead form for easy measuring. 
 
 Pre-reduced Indigo - 3 gallon vat
Resists   Use resists to control the spread of dye.  They can be mechanical, like tie dye, shibori, or other wrapping techniques or they can be liquid, which dry or solidify on the fabric.  Liquid resists are based on water, solvent, resin or wax.  Batik employs wax as its resist.   Traditional silk painting techniques rely on solvent based gutta (pronounced like the cheese, Gouda) that forms an insoluble line stopping the flow of dye. Some people find the solvent fumes objectionable and prefer to work with water based gutta. However, because water based gutta is soluble in water, take care when applying dye so it does not dissolve the resist line. Apply resists through a squeeze bottle, by brush, roller, stamp, or sponge. The directions below describe how to apply the different resists to fabric. Before working with hot wax, please read about wax in Studio Safety.
Presist                                
Sabra Silk Resist         
Potato & Corn Dextrins
DevoreŽ
Cold Wax Resist
Discharge   Discharging is the chemical removal of color from the fabric. It is sometimes done to strip a color in preparation for overdyeing and is effectively used with resist techniques to pattern cloth. Dye is manufactured to stay on the cloth. Therefore, strong chemicals are required to remove the dye color. Use the discharge agents listed below with caution wear goggles, rubber gloves, a respirator and work outside or in an area with good ventilation.
Anti-Chlor         
Thiox            
Formosul              
Bleaching Wool           
Monagum & Bleach
Fabric Paint/Ink/Pigments Designed for easy application to all fiber types including synthetic blends. Fabric paint contains a binder or adhesive that attaches an insoluble particle of color to the fabric. Textile paints do not penetrate the fiber but are available in intense colors - transparent, opaque, Pearlescent, and fluorescent. They come in difference consistencies - thick like jelly or thin like water. Transparent paints blend with the fabric color and look similar to a dye. Use Opaque paints to obscure the color or pattern already on the fabric. Pearlescent paints have a pearl or metallic sheen, without the metals. Fluorescent paints are luminous under black lights. They have good light and wash fastness.
 
Marbo Gum                        
Stamping & Stenciling with PROfab Textile Paint 
Fluorescent Dyeing     
Sun Printing with PROfab Textile Paint
PROfab Textile Paints                 
Pigment Dyeing                                                     
Make your own Textile Paint with Color Concentrates    
Liquid Decorator Colors

Coloring Paper Pulp
Shiva Paintstiks
PROfab Super Puff Base
 
Pebeo Products Pebeo is a French manufacturer of professional art supplies. We are proud to offer these product lines for the fiber artist; Setacolor (Transparent, Opaque, Shimmer and Fluorescent), Setasilk Paint and Water Based Gutta.

Setacolor is an easy to use, intermixable painting system. It is available in Transparent, Opaque, Shimmer and Fluorescent. It works on 100% natural and synthetic fabrics with excellent wash fastness, light fastness, and leaves fabric with a soft hand.  Setasilk is the best no-steam silk paint on the market today.
 
Setacolor                                            
Setasilk Sunprinting
Setacolor Transparent Sun Painting                    
Setasilk Silk Painting
 
Miscellaneous Recipes
PRO QuickFix

Print Paste from Scratch  
Retayne                
Removing Permanent Press Finish
PROsoft K                         
Bubble Jet Set         
Steam Setting
Marbo Gum
PROfab Super Puff Base

 
 
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